The dominant pushing factors for large Afghan migration in the last forty years have been the invasions, civil war and the rule of the hardliner Taliban government. As result of massive migration, a considerable number of Afghan diaspora and transnational communities have emerged around the world particularly in European countries. The current research will explore in what ways do the Afghan diaspora organizations and community members in Europe engage themselves in the development of their ‘home’ country. It also attempts to investigate the types of their engagements and its transnational aspects. The development-diaspora nexus have gained increasing attention in recent decades. The media, donor agencies, academia, and the international organizations have started to look into diaspora as development actors and peace promoters. This study is based on sixty in-depth interviews in Austria, Denmark, Germany, The Netherlands and Sweden.


Duration 01/10/2019 - 30/09/2022
Funding Bundesländer (inkl. deren Stiftungen und Einrichtungen)
Program nfb

Department for Migration and Globalisation

Center for Migration, Integration and Security

Principle investigator for the project (Danube University Krems) Univ.-Prof. Dr. Mathias Czaika
Project members Ali Ahmad Safi, MA


Safi, A.A. (2019). Afghan refugees return 'home' to migrate again. In: Czaika M.; Rössl L.; Pfeffer T.; Altenburg F., Migration & Integration 8: Dialog zwischen Politik, Wissenschaft und Praxis: 223-232, Edition Donau Universität Krems, Krems


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